Maps and charts

Main causes of death by income level, 2015

Source: WHO, Global Health Observatory,


The table reveals the links between the main causes of mortality and the average level of income per inhabitant in 2015. The populations of high-income countries are more liable to die from non-communicable diseases (neurological causes and cancer in particular) while in low-income countries, people die from infectious diseases (tuberculosis, diarrhea, HIV/aids) or malnutrition. This reverse gradient is less marked in the case of diabetes (due to there being two types) and heart disease.


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