Maps and charts

Factors of state power: from hard to soft power, 2018

Sources: United Nations; Sipri; IISS; World Bank; Ycharts; Unesco; IOC.


The chart seeks to compare seven countries or group of countries (the EU) according to different power criteria. The EU is atypical because it has no common policy for most of the criteria; the figures for member states therefore have to be added up. The United States, the EU and China dominate according to various indicators. The greatest contrasts are the absence of a rival to the United States in terms of military spending and stock market capitalization; the attractiveness of EU countries for foreign students and an impressive total of medals at the Olympic Games; the demographic weight of China and India; Japan’s huge investment in R&D; and perhaps the immensity of Russian territory.


You are free to share the material in any medium or format under the following terms: give appropriate credit, do not use the material for commercial purposes and do not distribute remix or transform version of the material. For any other use, please contact us.
Detailed versiondownload
Simplified versiondownload
Very simplified versiondownload

Related article or related focus