Maps and charts

Involvement of children in violent conflicts, 2016

Sources: United Nations, Annual Report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict, A/72/361–S/2017/821, Treaty Collection, Chapter IV (Human Rights),, accessed May 11, 2018; Child Soldiers International,, accessed March 13, 2018.


Data on children in conflicts are rare and fragmentary. This map shows the commitment of states to ratifying the optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Thirty countries had still not ratified it by 2018; among them Iran, Lebanon, Myanmar, the United Arab Emirates, North Korea, Somalia, and South Sudan. The map also gives some rough estimates of the numbers of children recruited who were victims (injured or killed) of conflicts in 2016. These estimates were produced by the UN Secretariat and the NGO Child Soldiers. These two sets of data side by side show that even long-standing ratification of the Protocol does not stop children becoming involved in conflicts (Afghanistan, Syria, DRC, Yemen, and Nigeria).


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