Maps and charts

Comparative growth: China, India and Africa, 1950-2050

Source: United Nations, Population Division, WPP 2017,


The curves compare the evolution of the populations of Africa, China and India between 1950 and 2050. After 2015, they consist of the UN’s “average” projections. The logarithmic scale shows the evolution of the population through the slope of the curves. China’s growth slowed after 1990 (single child policy), and continues to slow until it diminishes around 2030; growth in India is sustained for longer and is forecast to overtake that of China in the 2020s; finally, Africa demonstrates stronger and more continuous growth, weakening just slightly after 2030.


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