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Civil society participation in international environmental negotiations, 1994-2017

Sources: www.un.org/esa/forests; www.cbd.int; http://unfccc.int 

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NGOs and other non-state actors (such as academic and private-sector institutions) can register for international environmental negotiations as observers. This enables them to monitor the process, inform the public, and initiate proceedings against government delegations. The diagram shows that, of the three themes (forests, biodiversity, and climate), NGOs are mainly engaged in climate negotiations, where they have an ever greater presence (they were five times more numerous by the end of the 1994-2017 period than they were at the beginning), with the number of representatives per NGO ranging between five and ten, but this has been decreasing over the last decade.

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