Maps and charts

Production and trafficking of main drugs (excluding cannabis), mid 2010s 

Source: synthesis from UNODC World Drug Report , editions 2015-2017. 


The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) gathers and produces data on the consumption, production and trafficking of illegal drugs. The summary overview map shows the global geography of drugs, except for cannabis whose production and consumption are diffuse. The geographies of the three principal drugs are fairly distinct : 1. Cultivation of the opium poppy is concentrated in Afghanistan and, to a lesser extent, in Myanmar; the flows of opiates (particularly heroin) supply consumers in Europe, Russia, Asia, and the Middle East; 2. Cultivation of coca is confined to the Andes (Colombia, Peru and Bolivia) and supplies markets in North (and South) America and Europe via multiple routes, sometimes indirect, such as Africa; 3. The networks for synthetic drugs are less well known and more fluctuating, because of the multitude of clandestine laboratories that produce these chemical substances.


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