Maps and charts

United Nations Security Council, 2018

Source: United Nations,


Unlike the UN General Assembly, where all have a seat and are able to vote, the number of seats at the UN Security Council is restricted (15) and powers are unequally divided. Five states are permanent members and have a right of veto (United States, China, Russia, France, and the United Kingdom) and ten other states are elected according to a geographical distribution, some countries being appointed much more frequently (Japan, Brazil, Argentina, Pakistan, Italy, India, and Colombia).


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